This video explores phantom limb syndrome, a condition where individuals who have lost a limb experience sensations in the nonexistent body part. This syndrome has been reported to occur in 80-100% of amputees in some studies and is typically a type of chronic pain. The video also looks at current treatments to relieve the pain from phantom limb syndrome.

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References
  • Collins, K. L., Russell, H. G., Schumacher, P. J., Robinson-Freeman, K. E., O’Conor, E. C., Gibney, K. D., & Tsao, J. W. (2018). A review of current theories and treatments for phantom limb pain. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 128(6), 2168–2176. doi:10.1172/jci94003.
  • Desmond, D. M., & MacLachlan, M. (2010). Prevalence and characteristics of phantom limb pain and residual limb pain in the long term after upper limb amputation. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 33(3), 279–282. doi:10.1097/mrr.0b013e328336388d.
  • Fuchs, X., Flor, H., & Bekrater-Bodmann, R. (2018). Psychological Factors Associated with Phantom Limb Pain: A Review of Recent Findings. Pain Research and Management, 2018, 1–12. doi:10.1155/2018/5080123.
  • Kaur, A., & Guan, Y.-X. (2018). Phantom limb pain: A literature review. Chinese Journal of Traumatology. doi:10.1016/j.cjtee.2018.04.006.
  • Limakatso, K., Bedwell, G. J., Madden, V. J., & Parker, R. (2019). The prevalence of phantom limb pain and associated risk factors in people with amputations: a systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews, 8(1). doi:10.1186/s13643-018-0938-8.
  • Tian, S., Nick, S., & Wu, H. (2014). Phantom limb pain: A review of evidence-based treatment options. World Journal of Anesthesiology, 3(2), 146-153. doi: 10.5313/wja.v3.i2.146.