Demystifying Medicine Video



The influence of social media seems to increase the interest in cosmetic procedures. One such popular procedure is Botox; a treatment that works to lessen the appearance of moderate to severe facial lines.

Learn about the formation of facial lines, how Botox works and the short-term and long-term effects of this procedure. Also, stay tuned until the end for an exclusive interview with a medical expert in the field!

[Please complete our feedback form]





References
  • Allergan. (2020). BOTOX® Cosmetic. Retrieved October 03, 2020, from https://www.botoxcosmetic.com/what-is...
  • Cronkleton, E. (2018, May 1). “Is Botox Poisonous? Here’s What You Need to Know”. Healthline. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/bot...
  • Dover, J. S., Monheit, G., Greener, M., & Pickett, A. (2018). Botulinum toxin in aesthetic medicine: Myths and realities. Dermatologic Surgery, 44(2), 249–260. https://doi.org/10.1097/DSS.000000000...
  • Fagien, S. (1999). Botox for the treatment of dynamic and hyperkinetic facial lines and furrows: adjunctive use in facial aesthetic surgery. Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 103(2), 701-713. doi: 10.1097/00006534-199902000-00055 
  • Frampton, J. E., & Easthope, S. E. (2003). Botulinum Toxin A (Botox® Cosmetic). American journal of clinical dermatology, 4(10), 709-725. https://doi.org/10.2165/00128071-2003...
  • Hopkins, Z. H., Moreno, C., & Secrest, A. M. (2020). “Influence of Social Media on Cosmetic Procedure Interest”. The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, 13(1), 28
  • Satriyasa, B. K. (2019). Botulinum toxin (Botox) a for reducing the appearance of facial wrinkles: A literature review of clinical use and pharmacological aspect. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology, 12, 223–228. https://doi.org/10.2147/CCID.S202919 
  • Walker, C. E., Krumhuber, E. G., Dayan, S., & Furnham, A. (2019). “Effects of social media use on desire for cosmetic surgery among young women”. Current Psychology, 1-10.
  • Yiannakopoulou, E. (2015). Serious and long-term adverse events associated with the therapeutic and cosmetic use of botulinum toxin. Pharmacology, 95(1-2), 65-69. https://doi.org/10.1159/000370245 
  • “2018 Plastic Surgery Statistics Report”. (2018). American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Retrieved from https://www.plasticsurgery.org/docume...
  • Mok, W. K., Tan, Y. X., & Chen, W. N. (2020). Technology innovations for food security in Singapore: A case study of future food systems for an increasingly natural resource-scarce world. Trends in Food Science & Technology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2020.0...
  • Pollard, C. M., & Booth, S. (2019). Food insecurity and hunger in rich countries—it is time for action against inequality. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(10), 1804. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16101804
  • Tarasuk V, Mitchell A. (2020) Household food insecurity in Canada, 2017-18. Toronto: Research to identify policy options to reduce food insecurity. PROOF.
  • The Food Policy. (n.d.) Retrieved October 04, 2020, from
    https://www.canada.ca/en/campaign/foo...
  • Timeline of Food Policy in Canada. (n.d.) Retrieved October 4,2020. From
    https://www.canada.ca/en/campaign/foo...