Demystifying Medicine Video

Mastitis is a common concern for many mothers, this video explains the symptoms and mechanisms for the infection. A large population is affected by this infection, which can affect both the baby and the mother. This video should extend your knowledge on this topic and spread awareness to the public about the implications of this infection. Mastitis affects many households, if not you, it may be a family member. Mastitis should not get between the mother and her child.

[Please complete our feedback form]

  • Aitken, S. L., Corl, C. M., & Sordillo, L. M. (2011). Immunopathology of mastitis: insights into disease recognition and resolution. Journal of mammary gland biology and neoplasia, 16(4), 291-304.
  • Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K., & Walter, P. (2002). Innate immunity. In Molecular Biology of the Cell. 4th edition. Garland Science.
  • Amir, H., & Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Protocol Committee (2014). ABM clinical protocol #4: Mastitis, revised March 2014. Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, 9(5), 239–243. doi:10.1089/bfm.2014.9984
  • Breast pain: Not just a premenopausal complaint. (2018). Harvard Health Publishing, Harvard Medical School.
  • Bjelakovic, L., Kocic, G., Bjelakovic, B., Zivkovic, N., Stojanović, D., Sokolovic, D., ... & Sokolovic, D. (2012). Alkaline phosphatase activity in human colostrum as a valuable predictive biomarker for lactational mastitis in nursing mothers. Biomarkers in Medicine, 6(4), 553-558.
  • Boakes, E., Woods, A., Johnson, N., & Kadoglou, N. (2018). Breast Infection: A Review of Diagnosis and Management Practices. European Journal of Breast Health, 14(3), 136.
  • Cullinane, M., Amir, L. H., Donath, S. M., Garland, S. M., Tabrizi, S. N., Payne, M. S., & Bennett, C. M. (2015). Determinants of mastitis in women in the CASTLE study: a cohort study. BMC family practice, 16, 181. doi:10.1186/s12875-015-0396-5
  • de Andrés, J., Jiménez, E., Espinosa-Martos, I., Rodríguez, J. M., & García-Conesa, M. T. (2018). An Exploratory Search for Potential Molecular Targets Responsive to the Probiotic Lactobacillus salivarius PS2 in Women With Mastitis: Gene Expression Profiling vs. Interindividual Variability. Frontiers in microbiology, 9, 2166. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2018.02166
  • Delgado, S., Arroyo, R., Martín, R., & Rodríguez, J. M. (2008). PCR-DGGE assessment of the bacterial diversity of breast milk in women with lactational infectious mastitis. BMC infectious diseases, 8(1), 51.
  • Dixon, J. M. (1994). ABC of breast diseases: breast infection. BMJ, 309(6959), 946-949.
  • Gautier, N., Lalonde, L., Tran-Thanh, D., El Khoury, M., David, J., Labelle, M., ... & Trop, I. (2013). Chronic granulomatous mastitis: imaging, pathology and management. European Journal of Radiology, 82(4), e165-e175.
  • Ingman, W. V., Glynn, D. J., & Hutchinson, M. R. (2014). Inflammatory mediators in mastitis and lactation insufficiency. Journal of mammary gland biology and neoplasia, 19(2), 161-167.
  • José Ignacio Saldana, J.S. (2016). Macrophages.
  • NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms. National Cancer Institute.
  • Patel, S. H., Vaidya, Y. H., Joshi, C. G., & Kunjadia, A. P. (2015). Culture-dependent assessment of bacterial diversity from human milk with lactational mastitis. Comparative Clinical Pathology, 25(2), 437-443.
  • Sharp J. A., Lefèvre C., Watt A., Nicholas K. R. (2016). Analysis of human breast milk cells: gene expression profiles during pregnancy, lactation, involution, and mastitic infection. Funct. Integr. Genomics 16, 297–321. 10.1007/s10142-016-0485-0
  • Spencer, J. P. (2008). Management of mastitis in breastfeeding women. Am Fam Physician, 78(6), 727-731.
  • Infant and young child feeding: model chapter for textbooks for medical students and allied health professionals. (2009). World Health Organization.

Accessibility for Ontarians With Disabilities Act (AODA)


The Faculty of Health Sciences is committed to providing a website that is accessible to the widest possible audience. If there is an accessibility issue with this website, please contact us at